G-SYNC 101: Control Panel

G-SYNC Module

The G-SYNC module is a small chip that replaces the display’s standard internal scaler, and contains enough onboard memory to hold and process a single frame at a time.

The module exploits the vertical blanking interval (the span between the previous and next frame scan) to manipulate the display’s internal timings; performing G2G (gray to gray) overdrive calculations to prevent ghosting, and synchronizing the display’s refresh rate to the GPU’s render rate to eliminate tearing, along with the delayed frame delivery and adjoining stutter caused by traditional syncing methods.


The below Blur Busters Test UFO motion test pattern uses motion interpolation techniques to simulate the seamless framerate transitions G-SYNC provides within the refresh rate, when directly compared to standalone V-SYNC.

G-SYNC Activation

“Enable for full screen mode” (exclusive fullscreen functionality only) will automatically engage when a supported display is connected to the GPU. If G-SYNC behavior is suspect or non-functioning, untick the “Enable G-SYNC, G-SYNC Compatible” box, apply, re-tick, and apply.

Blur Buster's G-SYNC 101: Control Panel

G-SYNC Windowed Mode

“Enable for windowed and full screen mode” allows G-SYNC support for windowed and borderless windowed mode. This option was introduced in a 2015 driver update, and by manipulating the DWM (Desktop Windows Manager) framebuffer, enables G-SYNC’s VRR (variable refresh rate) to synchronize to the focused window’s render rate; unfocused windows remain at the desktop’s fixed refresh rate until focused on.

G-SYNC only functions on one window at a time, and thus any unfocused window that contains moving content will appear to stutter or slow down, a reason why a variety of non-gaming applications (popular web browsers among them) include predefined Nvidia profiles that disable G-SYNC support.

Note: this setting may require a game or system restart after application; the “G-SYNC Indicator” (Nvidia Control Panel > Display > G-SYNC Indicator) can be enabled to verify it is working as intended.

G-SYNC Preferred Refresh Rate

“Highest available” automatically engages when G-SYNC is enabled, and overrides the in-game refresh rate selector (if present), defaulting to the highest supported refresh rate of the display. This is useful for games that don’t include a selector, and ensures the display’s native refresh rate is utilized.

“Application-controlled” adheres to the desktop’s current refresh rate, or defers control to games that contain a refresh rate selector.

Note: this setting only applies to games being run in exclusive fullscreen mode. For games being run in borderless or windowed mode, the desktop dictates the refresh rate.


G-SYNC (GPU Synchronization) works on the same principle as double buffer V-SYNC; buffer A begins to render frame A, and upon completion, scans it to the display. Meanwhile, as buffer A finishes scanning its first frame, buffer B begins to render frame B, and upon completion, scans it to the display, repeat.

The primary difference between G-SYNC and V-SYNC is the method in which rendered frames are synchronized. With V-SYNC, the GPU’s render rate is synchronized to the fixed refresh rate of the display. With G-SYNC, the display’s VRR (variable refresh rate) is synchronized to the GPU’s render rate.

Upon its release, G-SYNC’s ability to fall back on fixed refresh rate V-SYNC behavior when exceeding the maximum refresh rate of the display was built-in and non-optional. A 2015 driver update later exposed the option.

This update led to recurring confusion, creating a misconception that G-SYNC and V-SYNC are entirely separate options. However, with G-SYNC enabled, the “Vertical sync” option in the control panel no longer acts as V-SYNC, and actually dictates whether, one, the G-SYNC module compensates for frametime variances output by the system (which prevents tearing at all times. G-SYNC + V-SYNC “Off” disables this behavior; see G-SYNC 101: Range), and two, whether G-SYNC falls back on fixed refresh rate V-SYNC behavior; if V-SYNC is “On,” G-SYNC will revert to V-SYNC behavior above its range, if V-SYNC is “Off,” G-SYNC will disable above its range, and tearing will begin display wide.

Within its range, G-SYNC is the only syncing method active, no matter the V-SYNC “On” or “Off” setting.

Currently, when G-SYNC is enabled, the control panel’s “Vertical sync” entry is automatically engaged to “Use the 3D application setting,” which defers V-SYNC fallback behavior and frametime compensation control to the in-game V-SYNC option. This can be manually overridden by changing the “Vertical sync” entry in the control panel to “Off,” “On,” or “Fast.”

2777 Comments For “G-SYNC 101”

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Hi there!

First of all, thanks for the guide! helped a lot.

Now, to my question. I am looking to play Cyberpunk with the path-tracing settings, which is obviously a computional nightmare—even for my 4090. This would be the first time I will enable DLSS 3.0, which I will refer to as frame-generation (FG) from here on it. I will be using the perfomance-mode of DLSS 2.0, since I game at 4k and I want to mininze the input lag from FG; I believe the higher the native frame rate, the lower the input delay due to FG.

Now, from what I know, is that I should still enable V-sync from the NVIDIA control pannel. However, it is not needed to set the frame rate 3FPS below the monitor’s refersh rate, since that is automatically done by Reflex (which will be enabled by default when using FG).

However, I would still like to cap my frame rate below my native 120FPS, say at 100FPS, so that the frame rate is consistent. But, I noticed that the frame-rate limiter (both in-game and in the NVIDIA control panel) has zero affect. Is this beheviour expected?


I used the Gsync on – Vsync on (in NVCP) and frame rate cap to 160 (165hz max) from RTSS however I experience varying degrees of flickering in menus mostly but in some games too.

From what I know there is no way to fix the flickering as it is something normal for VA/OLED’s.

My question is if I can not detect tearing (most likely there is some but either high fps/oled smoothness or simply my eyes not detecting it)

I am thinking about playing with Gsync off and no vsync on and just an fps cap. Would that impact my experience?

Ideally I would like to keep gsync on due to the smoothness I feel with it however the flickering is a deal breaker for me.

What is the best combination if I do not wish to use Gsync, should I keep vsync and fps cap, or only the fps cap?

Thank you!


best settings for eafc 24?


hi, i have been playing cs2 for several weeks, my monitor is 1440p 144hz with gsync compatible, in the nvcp i have gsync on + vsync on, i also limit the fps to 141 inside the nvcp, then inside the game vsync off and the nvidia reflex off, i get 138fps as expected and everything works fine, but i have a question, should i play like this or disable the vsync in the nvcp for cs2 to go to 200 or 300fps? because as I understand the more fps the less frametime in ms, now I would have about 7.2ms but if I unlimit it and I go to 250fps I would have 4ms, is this really so and would it make any difference?


So windows 10 has something called VRR in the graphics setting. Should it be used in tandem with G-Sync + NVCP Vsync. Some sources and review just say to turn it on along with g-sync.