G-SYNC 101: Control Panel

G-SYNC Module

The G-SYNC module is a small chip that replaces the display’s standard internal scaler, and contains enough onboard memory to hold and process a single frame at a time.

The module exploits the vertical blanking interval (the span between the previous and next frame scan) to manipulate the display’s internal timings; performing G2G (gray to gray) overdrive calculations to prevent ghosting, and synchronizing the display’s refresh rate to the GPU’s render rate to eliminate tearing, along with the delayed frame delivery and adjoining stutter caused by traditional syncing methods.


The below Blur Busters Test UFO motion test pattern uses motion interpolation techniques to simulate the seamless framerate transitions G-SYNC provides within the refresh rate, when directly compared to standalone V-SYNC.

G-SYNC Activation

“Enable for full screen mode” (exclusive fullscreen functionality only) will automatically engage when a supported display is connected to the GPU. If G-SYNC behavior is suspect or non-functioning, untick the “Enable G-SYNC, G-SYNC Compatible” box, apply, re-tick, and apply.

Blur Buster's G-SYNC 101: Control Panel

G-SYNC Windowed Mode

“Enable for windowed and full screen mode” allows G-SYNC support for windowed and borderless windowed mode. This option was introduced in a 2015 driver update, and by manipulating the DWM (Desktop Windows Manager) framebuffer, enables G-SYNC’s VRR (variable refresh rate) to synchronize to the focused window’s render rate; unfocused windows remain at the desktop’s fixed refresh rate until focused on.

G-SYNC only functions on one window at a time, and thus any unfocused window that contains moving content will appear to stutter or slow down, a reason why a variety of non-gaming applications (popular web browsers among them) include predefined Nvidia profiles that disable G-SYNC support.

Note: this setting may require a game or system restart after application; the “G-SYNC Indicator” (Nvidia Control Panel > Display > G-SYNC Indicator) can be enabled to verify it is working as intended.

G-SYNC Preferred Refresh Rate

“Highest available” automatically engages when G-SYNC is enabled, and overrides the in-game refresh rate selector (if present), defaulting to the highest supported refresh rate of the display. This is useful for games that don’t include a selector, and ensures the display’s native refresh rate is utilized.

“Application-controlled” adheres to the desktop’s current refresh rate, or defers control to games that contain a refresh rate selector.

Note: this setting only applies to games being run in exclusive fullscreen mode. For games being run in borderless or windowed mode, the desktop dictates the refresh rate.


G-SYNC (GPU Synchronization) works on the same principle as double buffer V-SYNC; buffer A begins to render frame A, and upon completion, scans it to the display. Meanwhile, as buffer A finishes scanning its first frame, buffer B begins to render frame B, and upon completion, scans it to the display, repeat.

The primary difference between G-SYNC and V-SYNC is the method in which rendered frames are synchronized. With V-SYNC, the GPU’s render rate is synchronized to the fixed refresh rate of the display. With G-SYNC, the display’s VRR (variable refresh rate) is synchronized to the GPU’s render rate.

Upon its release, G-SYNC’s ability to fall back on fixed refresh rate V-SYNC behavior when exceeding the maximum refresh rate of the display was built-in and non-optional. A 2015 driver update later exposed the option.

This update led to recurring confusion, creating a misconception that G-SYNC and V-SYNC are entirely separate options. However, with G-SYNC enabled, the “Vertical sync” option in the control panel no longer acts as V-SYNC, and actually dictates whether, one, the G-SYNC module compensates for frametime variances output by the system (which prevents tearing at all times. G-SYNC + V-SYNC “Off” disables this behavior; see G-SYNC 101: Range), and two, whether G-SYNC falls back on fixed refresh rate V-SYNC behavior; if V-SYNC is “On,” G-SYNC will revert to V-SYNC behavior above its range, if V-SYNC is “Off,” G-SYNC will disable above its range, and tearing will begin display wide.

Within its range, G-SYNC is the only syncing method active, no matter the V-SYNC “On” or “Off” setting.

Currently, when G-SYNC is enabled, the control panel’s “Vertical sync” entry is automatically engaged to “Use the 3D application setting,” which defers V-SYNC fallback behavior and frametime compensation control to the in-game V-SYNC option. This can be manually overridden by changing the “Vertical sync” entry in the control panel to “Off,” “On,” or “Fast.”

3055 Comments For “G-SYNC 101”

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@author jorimt or whoever

Rewrite your “Reflex* Settings” and “Low Latency Mode* Settings” section a bit, or add this for clarifiation that it also works in different ways now.
For example in the 2023’s game “The Finals”, my settings with a g-sync compatible Samsung S95C TV are:

TV: Game mode on (so G-sync compatible/VRR mode is the active signal mode)
Ingame: V-sync etc. is OFF, fps limit to 140 (or whatever I set it to), and reflex to either ON or ON + BOOST.
NVCP: G-sync compatibility, g-sync enabled “for this display”, Low Latency Mode: Ultra, V-Sync to OFF.

So here the difference is NVCP: V-Sync to OFF.
The difference now is: Despite ingame reflex to ON/ON+Boost and NVCP’s LLM set to “Ultra”, the framerate is not hard capped at 138, but whatever I chose.
If I however set NVCP’s V-Sync to “ON”, then the frame rate will be hard capped at 138.

So I get the benefits of Reflex and LLM, but without the hard frame rate cap.


Hello jorimt, thank for your ansers!!
What do you think about theory from this video? https://youtu.be/1OQjqWOm1uA?t=170
In it, the author claims:
“on an Nvidia GPU I found that if you combine Gsync+Vsync you actually only need to add 0.3ms of latency for VRR to work correctly:
240Hz = 223fps
144Hz = 138fps
120Hz = 115fps”

His formula for calculating:

It turns out he recommends limiting fps to the same values as LLM Ultra, but without having to turn it on.


Great write up. Are there any additional settings or changes one can make regarding VRR flicker on OLED panels? Specifically LG C series TV’s with G-Sync technology?


Just to confirm in 2024. Best way to run GSYNC with no microstutter is GSYNC ON + VSYNC ON + LOW LATENCY MODE ON not ULTRA. And then Set a FPS fap in Rivatuner ?


Thank you jorimt for an excellent article and for sticking around to answer so many questions.

My question is: if I’m reading correctly, does having either Reflex or Low Latency Mode: Ultra enabled eliminate the need to set an FPS limit manually? It seems like those settings are doing it automatically. Although I guess with LLM you might still want to limit it if you are GPU bound?